SORTIEND
Software for spatiallyexplicit simulation of forest dynamics 

Tree Volume CalculatorThis behavior calculates the volume of tree trunks. It can be used to find both merchantable volume and total volume. Make sure to distinguish between this behavior and the other tree volume behavior. Parameters for this behavior
How it worksTree volume is estimated by dividing the trunk into segments, and calculating the volume of each segment. You control where the trunk starts and stops, and the length of segments used. Trunks start at the value in the Height to Begin Calculating Trunk Volume, in cm parameter. To calculate merchantable volume, set this to the average stump height. To calculate total volume, set this to zero. Trunks end when their diameter inside the tree bark becomes smaller than the volume in the Minimum Trunk Diameter for Volume Calculations, in cm parameter. For merchantable volume, set this to the minimum usable diameter. For total volume, set this to zero. Trunks are divided into segments for volume calculations. The length of these segments is set in the Trunk Segment Length for Volume Calculations, in m parameter. Setting this to a smaller value increases the accuracy of the calculations. Setting this to a larger value increases the speed at which the calculations are made. The total tree's volume is the sum of the volumes of each of the segments. Any segments whose beginning or ending diameter is less than the value in the Minimum Trunk Diameter for Volume Calculations, in cm parameter are not included in the volume total. The volume of a tree trunk segment is found as follows: where:
The crosssectional area of a tree trunk at a particular point above the ground (such as at the beginning or end of a trunk segment) is calculated as: where A is the crosssectional area, in square meters, and d is the diameter of the tree inside the bark at that height, in meters. To find the diameter of the tree trunk inside the bark at a particular height above the ground, the taper equation is used. (This equation comes from Kozak (2004) Forest Chronicle 80: 507  515; it's the "2002 model"). The equation is: where:
SORTIEND considers its DBH parameter to be diameter without bark. To find the diameter outside the bark, the equation is: where:
Important note. The math in this behavior is particularly susceptible to producing extreme numbers if the parameters are not chosen very carefully. These extreme numbers (incredibly large or small numbers) will crash SORTIE if they happen, and cannot be guarded against ahead of time. Be very careful when selecting parameters, and test your parameters to ensure they produce sensible results for a wide range of tree sizes. If you have problems with SORTIE crashing, try verifying that this behavior is the problem by removing it from the run and trying again. If you can verify that this behavior is the problem, carefully reexamine your parameters. How to apply itApply this behavior to saplings, adults, or snags of any species, and enter parameters in the Parameter edit window. This behavior does not automatically create output. Once you have added this behavior to your run, the Detailed output setup window for trees will have a tree data member called "Tree Volume". Add this to your detailed output file to output volume in cubic meters. You can then view charts and graphs with the resulting volume data using data visualization on your detailed output file. 

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